Suppression of microRNA accumulation via RNA interference in Arabidopsis thaliana

Suppression of microRNA accumulation via RNA interference in Arabidopsis thaliana MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulatory molecules in plants. These small RNAs are processed in the nucleus from longer precursor transcripts that form distinct secondary structures. The miRNAs target specific messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and consequently down-regulate gene expression. The importance of these regulatory molecules is wide-ranging, however, few loss-of-function mutants have been identified in miRNA genes and understanding the biology of miRNA-target pairings has largely depended upon creating alterations in the sequences of the target genes. Here we demonstrate using Arabidopsis thaliana, that it is possible to use RNA interference (RNAi) to suppress accumulation of miRNAs. Significantly reduced accumulation of miR163 and miR171a was achieved using hairpin RNAi constructs that were designed to target both the primary miRNA transcripts and their promoters. The presence of DNA methylation in the targeted promoter regions suggests that inhibition of transcription of the miRNA precursors is responsible. Reduction of miRNA accumulation resulted in an increase in accumulation of the mRNA targets of these miRNAs. This demonstrates that knock-down of miRNA expression can be achieved, thereby providing a straightforward approach for disrupting miRNA-target pairings and studying miRNA functions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Suppression of microRNA accumulation via RNA interference in Arabidopsis thaliana

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/suppression-of-microrna-accumulation-via-rna-interference-in-UtPxT0BoFX
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-010-9625-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulatory molecules in plants. These small RNAs are processed in the nucleus from longer precursor transcripts that form distinct secondary structures. The miRNAs target specific messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and consequently down-regulate gene expression. The importance of these regulatory molecules is wide-ranging, however, few loss-of-function mutants have been identified in miRNA genes and understanding the biology of miRNA-target pairings has largely depended upon creating alterations in the sequences of the target genes. Here we demonstrate using Arabidopsis thaliana, that it is possible to use RNA interference (RNAi) to suppress accumulation of miRNAs. Significantly reduced accumulation of miR163 and miR171a was achieved using hairpin RNAi constructs that were designed to target both the primary miRNA transcripts and their promoters. The presence of DNA methylation in the targeted promoter regions suggests that inhibition of transcription of the miRNA precursors is responsible. Reduction of miRNA accumulation resulted in an increase in accumulation of the mRNA targets of these miRNAs. This demonstrates that knock-down of miRNA expression can be achieved, thereby providing a straightforward approach for disrupting miRNA-target pairings and studying miRNA functions.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 19, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off