Supercritical flow in manholes with a bend extension

Supercritical flow in manholes with a bend extension  Bend manholes of sewers with 45° deflection angles are considered. Previous results are reconsidered by introducing the so-called bend extension. It is demonstrated that the discharge capacity of the 45°- and the 90°-bend manholes is identical if the bend extension, a U-shaped straight downstream portion, is added to the 45° manhole. In addition, the effect of the bend cover is analyzed as a general means to suppress shock waves. Both bend extensions and bend covers may be added to existing structures that convey discharge close to or over the design discharge. The hydraulics of bend manholes are analyzed in detail, including the wave profiles along the inner and the outer bend walls, the complete free surface, the recirculation zone, the pressure distributions on the walls and flow in the downstream sewer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Supercritical flow in manholes with a bend extension

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480100364
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 Bend manholes of sewers with 45° deflection angles are considered. Previous results are reconsidered by introducing the so-called bend extension. It is demonstrated that the discharge capacity of the 45°- and the 90°-bend manholes is identical if the bend extension, a U-shaped straight downstream portion, is added to the 45° manhole. In addition, the effect of the bend cover is analyzed as a general means to suppress shock waves. Both bend extensions and bend covers may be added to existing structures that convey discharge close to or over the design discharge. The hydraulics of bend manholes are analyzed in detail, including the wave profiles along the inner and the outer bend walls, the complete free surface, the recirculation zone, the pressure distributions on the walls and flow in the downstream sewer.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2002

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