High-speed wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM-HS) of materials of super-high thickness (more than 1000 mm) is a challenging problem. First, sufficient energy is required to maintain the inter-electrode normal discharge. Next, there must be adequate inter-electrode dielectric fluid. Third, in order to generate a smooth cut surface, it is necessary to suppress the vibration of the wire electrode to reduce vibration lines on the cutting surface. To better understand these challenges, the energy and the flow of the medium between two electrodes were analyzed, allowing the establishment of a relevant model. The results indicated that for super-high-thickness machining, the pulse energy must be adequate to compensate for the energy consumed in the molybdenum wire and inter-electrode working liquid. In addition, the running speed of the wire electrode should be improved to ensure that there is a sufficiently high flow rate of the dielectric fluid. The servo control mode of the existing machine tools and dielectric fluid were improved and then a process experiment was performed. The experimental results show that the process can be carried out efficiently and stably and the workpiece surface can be cut smoothly using the improved working liquid and servo control mode.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 16, 2017
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