The distribution of bacterio- and zooplankton was studied in West Spitsbergen (Svalbard) coastal waters in August 2009. The bacterial abundance and biomass varied from 110 to 3360 × 103 cells/ml and from 0.66 to 44.93 mg C/m3, respectively. These values were the highest in the surface water layers and decreased with depth. The greatest abundance of bacteria (5099 individuals/m3) was found in the freshened and warm water layer in Isfjorden. The highest biomass of zooplankton (182.41 mg C/m3) was registered in the zone of interaction of coastal and transformed Atlantic waters in the archipelago inner shelf. The spatial variations of abundance and biomass of the planktonic communities were related to the thermohaline characteristics of the water masses and, probably, to microalgal blooms.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 27, 2012
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