Arch Virol (2009) 154:1189–1193 DOI 10.1007/s00705-009-0412-y V I ROLO GY D I VI SI ON N E WS Suggestions for a nomenclature of endogenous pararetroviral sequences in plants Christina Staginnus Æ M. L. Iskra-Caruana Æ B. Lockhart Æ T. Hohn Æ K. R. Richert-Po ¨ ggeler Received: 19 December 2008 / Accepted: 25 May 2009 / Published online: 12 June 2009 Springer-Verlag 2009 Introduction reported and are still being identiﬁed in various plant genomes [2–5]. The term ‘‘pararetrovirus’’ was introduced by Temin  for Most of the integrants are silent, repetitive genome animal (Hepadnaviridae) and plant viruses (Caulimoviri- components. However, some of these sequences may still dae) that, in contrast to retroviruses, have a DNA genome be able to replicate and initiate viral infection under and do not integrate into the host genome for replication. certain conditions, according to their structural and Like retroviruses, pararetroviruses use a reverse transcrip- sequence integrity and their genomic and/or epigenetic tase for their replication. context. Endogenous pararetroviruses (EPRVs) in plants represent counterparts of members of the virus family Caulimoviridae Suggestions for a uniform nomenclature of endogenous integrated in their host’s genome. Despite the non-integra- tive replication cycle of members of the Caulimoviridae,a virus
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 2009
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