In vitro regeneration techniques have been optimized for seven strains and cultivars of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) bred in Russia. The frequency of shoot regeneration from somatic cells and tissues of sugar beet varies from 10 to 97% depending on the explant type, culture-medium composition, and genotype. The in vitro regeneration potential has been estimated in plants with different genotypes. The effect of medium composition (phytohormones and carbohydrates) on the frequency of the formation of a morphogenic callus competent for plant regeneration has been determined. The effect of the types and concentrations of various cytokines (zeatin, kinetin, and 6-benzylaminopurine) on direct shoot regeneration from cotyledon nodes has been estimated. The culture-medium composition has been optimized for direct shoot regeneration from petioles. The effects of different concentrations of abscisic acid on the frequency of shoot regeneration from a morphogenic callus has been studied. Micropropagation has been used to obtain petiole explants and reproduce the shoots obtained by direct regeneration from cotyledonnodes, petioles, and calluses. Improved shoot-regeneration methods can be used for both agrobacterial and bioballistic genetic transformation of the sugar beet genotypes studied.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 2006
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