Sudden unexplained death in alcohol misuse (SUDAM) patients have different characteristics to those who died from sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS)

Sudden unexplained death in alcohol misuse (SUDAM) patients have different characteristics to... There is growing awareness of sudden unexplained death in alcohol misuse (SUDAM) in which there is no obvious cause of death, no evidence of acute alcohol toxicity or alcoholic ketoacidosis, and the heart is morphologically normal. This study describes the characteristics of a cohort with SUDAM from a tertiary cardiovascular referral center and compares the findings with those of individuals who died from sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS). Cases in this retrospective cross-sectional study were identified from a database of referrals to our center spanning approximately 40 years. Cases with recorded heavy use of alcohol and non-alcohol users were selected, then limited to those with SUDAM or SADS aged 16 to 64 years. 62 cases of SUDAM and 41 cases of SADS were identified. The SUDAM group were older than the SADS group; mean age 35.8 years and 27.7 years respectively (P=0.0002). There was also a higher incidence of significant psychiatric illness in SUDAM (19.7%) than SADS (2.4%) cases. Post mortem liver examination was more likely to reveal heavy livers in SUDAM than SADS (2196.1g and 1572.4g respectively; P=0.0033) and more fatty liver change (24.2% and 2.4%). SUDAM tends to occur in individuals who are older and have heavier livers than those with SADS. Psychiatric illness is also more common. SADS, unlike SUDAM, is often associated with heritable channelopathies that may affect surviving family members. Therefore, differentiating between SUDAM and SADS identifies families likely to benefit from screening for these mutations, thus preventing further sudden arrhythmic deaths. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology" Springer Journals

Sudden unexplained death in alcohol misuse (SUDAM) patients have different characteristics to those who died from sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/sudden-unexplained-death-in-alcohol-misuse-sudam-patients-have-FpYljLa8Mk
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pathology; Forensic Medicine; Criminology and Criminal Justice, general
ISSN
1547-769X
eISSN
1556-2891
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12024-017-9877-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There is growing awareness of sudden unexplained death in alcohol misuse (SUDAM) in which there is no obvious cause of death, no evidence of acute alcohol toxicity or alcoholic ketoacidosis, and the heart is morphologically normal. This study describes the characteristics of a cohort with SUDAM from a tertiary cardiovascular referral center and compares the findings with those of individuals who died from sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS). Cases in this retrospective cross-sectional study were identified from a database of referrals to our center spanning approximately 40 years. Cases with recorded heavy use of alcohol and non-alcohol users were selected, then limited to those with SUDAM or SADS aged 16 to 64 years. 62 cases of SUDAM and 41 cases of SADS were identified. The SUDAM group were older than the SADS group; mean age 35.8 years and 27.7 years respectively (P=0.0002). There was also a higher incidence of significant psychiatric illness in SUDAM (19.7%) than SADS (2.4%) cases. Post mortem liver examination was more likely to reveal heavy livers in SUDAM than SADS (2196.1g and 1572.4g respectively; P=0.0033) and more fatty liver change (24.2% and 2.4%). SUDAM tends to occur in individuals who are older and have heavier livers than those with SADS. Psychiatric illness is also more common. SADS, unlike SUDAM, is often associated with heritable channelopathies that may affect surviving family members. Therefore, differentiating between SUDAM and SADS identifies families likely to benefit from screening for these mutations, thus preventing further sudden arrhythmic deaths.

Journal

"Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology"Springer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off