Sucrose Utilization via Invertase and Sucrose Synthase with Respect to Accumulation of Cellulose and Callose Synthesis in Wheat Roots under Oxygen Deficiency

Sucrose Utilization via Invertase and Sucrose Synthase with Respect to Accumulation of Cellulose... The sucrose cleavage by sucrose synthase (SuSy) and neutral invertase was studied in wheat roots (Triticum aestivum L.) subjected to hypoxia or anoxia for 4 days. By in situ activity staining, increased SuSy activity was observed in the tip region and stele of root axes while the activity of invertase decreased. Cellulose content significantly increased in hypoxically treated roots. The cellulose deposition was correlated with regions of high SuSy activity, being mainly located in the pericycle and endodermis. Invertase activity was distributed along the root without clear difference between cortex and stele. Under root hypoxia, a significant increase in the structural carbohydrates, callose and especially cellulose, was shown. Increasing levels of soluble carbohydrates were partially used to synthesize cellulose for secondary wall thickening and callose to counteract the tissue injury following low-oxygen stress. Under strict anoxia, the roots were much more injured but sustained a high level of cellulose and callose while the soluble carbohydrates almost disappeared. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Sucrose Utilization via Invertase and Sucrose Synthase with Respect to Accumulation of Cellulose and Callose Synthesis in Wheat Roots under Oxygen Deficiency

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUPP.0000003280.10924.03
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The sucrose cleavage by sucrose synthase (SuSy) and neutral invertase was studied in wheat roots (Triticum aestivum L.) subjected to hypoxia or anoxia for 4 days. By in situ activity staining, increased SuSy activity was observed in the tip region and stele of root axes while the activity of invertase decreased. Cellulose content significantly increased in hypoxically treated roots. The cellulose deposition was correlated with regions of high SuSy activity, being mainly located in the pericycle and endodermis. Invertase activity was distributed along the root without clear difference between cortex and stele. Under root hypoxia, a significant increase in the structural carbohydrates, callose and especially cellulose, was shown. Increasing levels of soluble carbohydrates were partially used to synthesize cellulose for secondary wall thickening and callose to counteract the tissue injury following low-oxygen stress. Under strict anoxia, the roots were much more injured but sustained a high level of cellulose and callose while the soluble carbohydrates almost disappeared.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 17, 2004

References

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