There is a dearth of data on management of anastomotic airway dehiscence following lung transplantation. Herein we report a case of successful conservative management of an anastomotic airway dehiscence after cadaveric donor lung transplantation. A 41-year-old woman with primary ciliary dyskinesia underwent cadaveric bilateral lung transplantation without cardiopulmonary bypass. On the postoperative day 25, left pneumothorax developed and bronchoscopy demonstrated a localized anastomotic dehiscence at the left main bronchus. The dehiscence was managed with 2 weeks of pleural drainage and was completely covered with regenerated bronchial epithelium at 4 months after transplantation. There is no finding suggestive of significant stenosis at 4 years of follow-up. Our case suggested asymptomatic and localized anastomotic dehiscence does not always require endobronchial stent placement or re-operation. Multiple factors that may contribute to the successful conservative management were discussed in this article.
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 2, 2017
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