The taxonomic composition and quantitative characteristics of typical subtidal rock communities of the White Sea (biocenosis of Laminaria and biocenosis of Lithothamnion and the sponges Polymastia arctica) were studied. The hydrodynamic activity of the near-bottom water layer within and beyond the communities was estimated using the plaster structures technique. A comparative analysis of our results and the literature data revealed three main types of interactions between the benthic community and the water flow: turbulation of the water flow (mussel banks), smoothing of turbulent pulsations (Laminaria community), and an insignificant effect on the water flow (community of Lithothamnion and sponges).
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 18, 2006
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