Substrate specificity and antifungal activity of recombinant tobacco class I chitinases

Substrate specificity and antifungal activity of recombinant tobacco class I chitinases Endochitinases contribute to the defence response of plants against chitin-containing pathogens. The vacuolar class I chitinases consist of an N-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CRD) linked by a glycine-threonine-rich spacer with 4-hydroxylated prolyl residues to the catalytic domain. We examined the functional role of the CRD and spacer region in class I chitinases by comparing wild-type chitinase A (CHN A) of Nicotiana tabacum with informative recombinant forms. The chitinases were expressed in transgenic N. sylvestris plants, purified to near homogeneity, and their structures confirmed by mass spectrometry and partial sequencing. The enzymes were tested for their substrate preference towards chitin, lipo-chitooligosaccharide Nod factors of Rhizobium, and bacterial peptidoglycans (lysozyme activity) as well as for their capacity to inhibit hyphal growth of Trichoderma viride. Deletion of the CRD and spacer alone or in combination resulted in a modest <50% reduction of hydrolytic activity relative to CHN A using colloidal chitin or M. lysodeikticus walls as substrates; whereas, antifungal activity was reduced by up to 80%. Relative to CHN A, a variant with two spacers in tandem, which binds chitin, showed very low hydrolytic activity towards chitin and Nod factors, but comparable lysozyme activity and enhanced antifungal activity. Neither hydrolytic activity, substrate specificity nor antifungal activity were strictly correlated with the CRD-mediated capacity to bind chitin. This suggests that the presence of the chitin-binding domain does not have a major influence on the functions of CHN A examined. Moreover, the results with the tandem-spacer variant raise the possibility that substantial chitinolytic activity is not essential for inhibition of T. viride growth by CHN A. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Substrate specificity and antifungal activity of recombinant tobacco class I chitinases

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/substrate-specificity-and-antifungal-activity-of-recombinant-tobacco-FZRBtEbIwx
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1010619421524
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Endochitinases contribute to the defence response of plants against chitin-containing pathogens. The vacuolar class I chitinases consist of an N-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CRD) linked by a glycine-threonine-rich spacer with 4-hydroxylated prolyl residues to the catalytic domain. We examined the functional role of the CRD and spacer region in class I chitinases by comparing wild-type chitinase A (CHN A) of Nicotiana tabacum with informative recombinant forms. The chitinases were expressed in transgenic N. sylvestris plants, purified to near homogeneity, and their structures confirmed by mass spectrometry and partial sequencing. The enzymes were tested for their substrate preference towards chitin, lipo-chitooligosaccharide Nod factors of Rhizobium, and bacterial peptidoglycans (lysozyme activity) as well as for their capacity to inhibit hyphal growth of Trichoderma viride. Deletion of the CRD and spacer alone or in combination resulted in a modest <50% reduction of hydrolytic activity relative to CHN A using colloidal chitin or M. lysodeikticus walls as substrates; whereas, antifungal activity was reduced by up to 80%. Relative to CHN A, a variant with two spacers in tandem, which binds chitin, showed very low hydrolytic activity towards chitin and Nod factors, but comparable lysozyme activity and enhanced antifungal activity. Neither hydrolytic activity, substrate specificity nor antifungal activity were strictly correlated with the CRD-mediated capacity to bind chitin. This suggests that the presence of the chitin-binding domain does not have a major influence on the functions of CHN A examined. Moreover, the results with the tandem-spacer variant raise the possibility that substantial chitinolytic activity is not essential for inhibition of T. viride growth by CHN A.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off