An infectious clone (pBR-XJ160) was constructed using the full-length cDNA of the Sindbis-like XJ-160 virus. Two nucleotide mutations, causing amino acid changes at residue 169 from Lys to Arg and at residue 173 from Thr to Ile in the nonstructural protein (nsP) 1 coding region, strongly influenced the infectivity of in vitro-synthesized RNA. We used site-directed mutagenesis to obtain clones encoding a change to Arg at residue 169 of nsP1 (pBR-169), a change to Ile at residue 173 (pBR-173), or both changes (pBR-6973). Infectivity of RNA from pBR-169 was abolished, but viral forms BR-173 and BR-6973 were obtained from pBR-173 and pBR-6973, respectively. Further, BR-173 exhibited higher propagation than BR-XJ160 in cell culture and higher neurovirulence in a suckling mouse model. BR-6973 possessed an intermediate phenotype. BR-173 and BR-6973 showed increased sensitivity to 3-deazaadenosine (3-DZA), which inhibits S -adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase. Thus, mutagenesis at residue 169 in the nsP1 region of XJ-160 is lethal, but mutation at residue 173 from Thr to Ile enhances viral infectivity and neurovirulence and suppresses the lethal effect of the mutation at residue 169. These mutations might be associated with the RNA methyltransferase (MTase) activity of nsP1.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera