Ala-251 in the membrane-parallel helix in the D-E loop of the D1 polypeptide close to the QB pocket of photosystem II (PS II), was mutated to aspartate (D), lysine (K), leucine (L) or serine (S) in Synechocystis 6803. O2 evolution rates (H2O→DCBQ; 2,6-dichloro-p-benzoquinone) of A251D, A251L and A251S were lower, being 38, 16, 62 and 70%, respectively, of that of the control, and there was an even more drastic impairment of O2 evolution when measured from H2O to DMBQ (2,5-dimethyl-p-benzoquinone), demonstrating modifications in the QB pocket. However, in all other mutants but A251K, the QB function could sustain O2 evolution at a level high enough to support photosynthetic growth. The mutant A251S, carrying a substitution of alanine for a chemically quite similar residue serine, was less severely affected. Substitution by a positively charged residue drastically delayed chlorophyll a fluorescence relaxation in the non-photosynthetic strain A251K, implying strong impairment of QA-to-QB electron transfer. Delay of fluorescence relaxation was clear in A251D as well, carrying a substitution of alanine for a negatively charged residue. The effects of the substitutions of A251 demonstrate the importance of this residue of the D1 polypeptide in the conformation of the acceptor side of PS II and, accordingly, the effect on the acceptor-side function of PS II was very clear. Nevertheless, the tolerance of PS II activity to high-light-induced photoinhibition in vivo and the subsequent D1 degradation were not much impaired in any of the photosynthetic mutant strains as compared to the control.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
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