MuDR controls transposition of the Mu transposable element family in Zea maysL. It produces two major transcripts: mudrA and mudrB. mudrA encodes the MURA transposase, but no specific function has been ascribed to mudrB, which lacks strong homology to known genes. Using transient expression assays in onion epidermal cells, we defined three monopartite nuclear localization signals (NLSs) of MURA; each was functionally sufficient for nuclear targeting of MURA:GUS fusion proteins. Interestingly, one NLS (NLS-A3) is produced by the splicing of the third intron. In contrast, there were no clear NLS in MURB, and the major form of MURB aggregated in the cytoplasm. Self-interaction of MURA and of MURB was also shown in a yeast two-hybrid assay. To test whether interactions of MURA and MURB can occur at the level of protein translocation into the nucleus, a cytoplasmically localized MURB:GFP was co-expressed with MURA or with the GUS fusion proteins. Co-expression did not change the localization pattern of either MURA or MURB; MURA and MURB do not detectably interact in a yeast two-hybrid assay. These results suggest that MURA and MURB do not mutually affect their localization, at least in the forms examined here.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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