Study on the catalytic effect of ErCrO3 nanoparticles on the thermal decomposition of ammonia perchlorate

Study on the catalytic effect of ErCrO3 nanoparticles on the thermal decomposition of ammonia... Orthorhombic structure perovskite ErCrO3 nanocrystals were prepared by glycine combustion method. The ErCrO3 nanocrystals were characterized by XRD, SEM, and BET. The catalytic activity measurements were carried out by DSC and TG-MS. The results indicate that ErCrO3 nanoparticles have an intense catalytic effect on the decomposition of AP. Adding 2% of ErCrO3 obtained product to AP decreases the decomposition temperature by 82°C and increases the heat of decomposition by 0.6 kJ g−1. Gaseous products of thermal decomposition of AP were NH3, H2O, O2, HCl, NO, HNO, N2O, NO2, and Cl2. The mechanism of catalytic action is based on the presence of superoxide ion (O 2 − ) and oxygenic ion (O−, O2−) on the surface of ErCrO3, and they can accelerate the thermal decomposition process of AP and the oxidation of NH3. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Study on the catalytic effect of ErCrO3 nanoparticles on the thermal decomposition of ammonia perchlorate

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1070-4272
eISSN
1608-3296
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1070427215040230
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Orthorhombic structure perovskite ErCrO3 nanocrystals were prepared by glycine combustion method. The ErCrO3 nanocrystals were characterized by XRD, SEM, and BET. The catalytic activity measurements were carried out by DSC and TG-MS. The results indicate that ErCrO3 nanoparticles have an intense catalytic effect on the decomposition of AP. Adding 2% of ErCrO3 obtained product to AP decreases the decomposition temperature by 82°C and increases the heat of decomposition by 0.6 kJ g−1. Gaseous products of thermal decomposition of AP were NH3, H2O, O2, HCl, NO, HNO, N2O, NO2, and Cl2. The mechanism of catalytic action is based on the presence of superoxide ion (O 2 − ) and oxygenic ion (O−, O2−) on the surface of ErCrO3, and they can accelerate the thermal decomposition process of AP and the oxidation of NH3.

Journal

Russian Journal of Applied ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 14, 2015

References

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