Study on mineral surface reacted with water at temperatures above 300°C and 23MPa

Study on mineral surface reacted with water at temperatures above 300°C and 23MPa In this work, we carried out experiments on silicate mineral dissolution using a flow-through reactor from 20 to 400°C at 23 MPa. The dissolution of silicate minerals such as actinolite, diopside, and albite in water may require the breaking of more than one metal–oxygen bond type. Different metal elements in silicate minerals have different release rates and the dissolution product is often non-stoichiometric. Na, Mg, Fe, and Ca dissolve faster than Si at T < 300°C. At T ≥ 300°C, the release rate of Si is higher than that of the other metals. The molar concentration ratios of the dissolving metal Mi versus Si such as Mg/Si, Ca/Si and Al/Si, which are the release ratios in the effluent solutions, are often different from the molar ratios of these elements in the minerals. The results show that the incongruent dissolution of minerals is related to surface chemical modifications. Non-stoichiometric dissolution is caused by the formation of a non-stoichiometric leaching layer at the surface or by the presence of a secondary mineral at the surface. Our experiments indicate that the dissolution of most silicate minerals is close to stoichiometric at 200 and 300°C, e.g., for actinolite and albite at 300°C. The surfaces after reaction with aqueous solutions were investigated using SEM and TEM. At T < 300°C, the mineral surfaces (e.g., for actinolite) after the reaction with water are slightly Si-rich and slightly Fe (and/or Mg, Ca) deficient. In contrast, at T ≥ 300°C, the surfaces after reaction with water are slightly Fe-rich and somewhat Si deficient. Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Study on mineral surface reacted with water at temperatures above 300°C and 23MPa

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry ; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial