Sulfonated glutaric dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates with less than 0.05% free formaldehyde were prepared through controlled reaction of glutaric dihydrazide, sodium metabisulfite, and formaldehyde in three processing steps. Mole ratio of sodium metabisulfite/glutaric dihydrazide (S/GDH) was varied from 0.1 to 0.5 and that of formaldehyde/glutaric dihydrazide (F/GDH) from 1 to 3. The effects on viscosity and fluidity of resins were observed with varying degrees of sulfonation and changeable mole ratio of formaldehyde/glutaric dihydrazide. Viscosity of resins showed increasing trend with increasing mole ratio of formaldehyde/glutaric dihydrazide and decreasing trend with increasing mole ratio of sodium metabisulfite/glutaric dihydrazide. Increase in viscosity of resins was due to increase in molecular weight of polymer chains. After gaining a critical molecular weight during condensation, resins turned into gel form. The resins were comparatively applied on chrome tanned cow hide against commercial sulfonated urea formaldehyde powder resin (Resin UFT).
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2014
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