Study of the current signal and material removal during ultrasonic-assisted electrochemical discharge machining

Study of the current signal and material removal during ultrasonic-assisted electrochemical... Electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM) is a cost-effective machining process used to shape non-conductive materials such as glass and ceramics. The process can overcome poor machinability of hard and brittle materials. Different types of physical phenomena can be added to the ECDM components to improve the machining efficiency. As the main target of this paper, ultrasonic vibration was integrated to the cathode of the ECDM process (UAECDM), which resulted in vibration concentration only to the machining zone. In order to design the experimental configuration, modal analysis was used. Machining speed was the main output of this investigation. Gas film and electric discharge were two main physical phenomena during ECDM. The thickness of gas film, location, and pattern of discharges were determined, experimentally. Also, current signal was a useful tool that could record significant details of involved mechanisms and phenomena during machining. Images of gas film showed that the application of ultrasonic vibration decreased the thickness of gas film by 65%. In addition, the vibration amplitude of 10 μm created the most uniform current signal, which had a considerable effect on the material removal rate (MRR). Results showed that all levels of vibration amplitude increased the machining speed during discharge and hydrodynamic regimes of the machining process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Springer Journals

Study of the current signal and material removal during ultrasonic-assisted electrochemical discharge machining

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Publisher
Springer London
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag London
Subject
Engineering; Industrial and Production Engineering; Media Management; Mechanical Engineering; Computer-Aided Engineering (CAD, CAE) and Design
ISSN
0268-3768
eISSN
1433-3015
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00170-017-0224-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM) is a cost-effective machining process used to shape non-conductive materials such as glass and ceramics. The process can overcome poor machinability of hard and brittle materials. Different types of physical phenomena can be added to the ECDM components to improve the machining efficiency. As the main target of this paper, ultrasonic vibration was integrated to the cathode of the ECDM process (UAECDM), which resulted in vibration concentration only to the machining zone. In order to design the experimental configuration, modal analysis was used. Machining speed was the main output of this investigation. Gas film and electric discharge were two main physical phenomena during ECDM. The thickness of gas film, location, and pattern of discharges were determined, experimentally. Also, current signal was a useful tool that could record significant details of involved mechanisms and phenomena during machining. Images of gas film showed that the application of ultrasonic vibration decreased the thickness of gas film by 65%. In addition, the vibration amplitude of 10 μm created the most uniform current signal, which had a considerable effect on the material removal rate (MRR). Results showed that all levels of vibration amplitude increased the machining speed during discharge and hydrodynamic regimes of the machining process.

Journal

The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 15, 2017

References

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