In the holothurian Eupentacta fraudatrix,the gut wall exhibits trilaminar organization. It consists of an inner digestive epithelium, a middle layer of connective tissue, and an outer mesothelium (coelomic epithelium). The pharynx, esophagus, and stomach are lined with a cuticular epithelium composed of T-shaped cells. The lining epithelium of the intestine and cloaca lacks a cuticle and consists of columnar vesicular enterocytes. Mucocytes are also encountered in the digestive epithelium. The connective tissue layer is composed of a ground substance, which houses collagen fibers, amoebocytes, morula cells, and fibroblasts. The gut mesothelium is a pseudostratified epithelium, which is dominated by peritoneal and myoepithelial cells and also includes the perikarya and processes of the neurons of the hyponeural plexus and vacuolated cells.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 19, 2004
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