The microscopic anatomy and ultrastructure of the body cavity and adjacent organs in the sea spider Nymphon brevirostre Hodge, 1863 (Pycnogonida, Nymphonidae) were examined by transmission electron microscopy. The longitudinal septa subdividing the body cavity are described: (1) Dohrn’s horizontal septum, (2) lateral heart walls, and (3) paired ventral septa consisting of separate cellular bands. The body cavity is a hemocoel, it has no epithelial lining and is only bordered by a basal lamina. The epidermis, heart, and Dohrn’s septum are not separated from each other by basal laminae and may have a common origin. The cellular bands forming the longitudinal ventral septa are not covered with the basal lamina and presumably derive from cells belonging to the hemocoel. The roles of the morphological structures studied for the circulation of hemolymph are discussed. The gonad lies inside Dohrn’s septum, it is covered with its own basal lamina and surrounded by numerous lacunae of the hemocoel entering the septum. The gonad wall is formed with a single layer of epithelium. The same epithelial cells form the gonad stroma. The gonad cavity is not lined with the basal lamina; muscle cells are present in the gonad wall epithelium, thus rendering the lumen similar to a coelomic cavity. Freely circulating cells of two types are found in the hemocoel: small amebocytes containing electronic-dense granules that are similar to granulocytes of other arthropods, as well as hemocytes with large vacuoles of varying structure that are comparable with plasmatocytes; however some of these may be activated granulocytes.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 9, 2011
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