Structural transitions of F-actin upon ATP hydrolysis at near-atomic resolution revealed by cryo-EM

Structural transitions of F-actin upon ATP hydrolysis at near-atomic resolution revealed by cryo-EM The function of actin is coupled to the nucleotide bound to its active site. ATP hydrolysis is activated during polymerization; a delay between hydrolysis and inorganic phosphate (Pi) release results in a gradient of ATP, ADP–Pi and ADP along actin filaments (F-actin). Actin-binding proteins can recognize F-actin’s nucleotide state, using it as a local ‘age’ tag. The underlying mechanism is complex and poorly understood. Here we report six high-resolution cryo-EM structures of F-actin from rabbit skeletal muscle in different nucleotide states. The structures reveal that actin polymerization repositions the proposed catalytic base, His161, closer to the γ-phosphate. Nucleotide hydrolysis and Pi release modulate the conformational ensemble at the periphery of the filament, thus resulting in open and closed states, which can be sensed by coronin-1B. The drug-like toxin jasplakinolide locks F-actin in an open state. Our results demonstrate in detail how ATP hydrolysis links to F-actin’s conformational dynamics and protein interaction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Structural & Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Structural transitions of F-actin upon ATP hydrolysis at near-atomic resolution revealed by cryo-EM

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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Biochemistry, general; Protein Structure; Membrane Biology; Biological Microscopy
ISSN
1545-9993
eISSN
1545-9985
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41594-018-0074-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The function of actin is coupled to the nucleotide bound to its active site. ATP hydrolysis is activated during polymerization; a delay between hydrolysis and inorganic phosphate (Pi) release results in a gradient of ATP, ADP–Pi and ADP along actin filaments (F-actin). Actin-binding proteins can recognize F-actin’s nucleotide state, using it as a local ‘age’ tag. The underlying mechanism is complex and poorly understood. Here we report six high-resolution cryo-EM structures of F-actin from rabbit skeletal muscle in different nucleotide states. The structures reveal that actin polymerization repositions the proposed catalytic base, His161, closer to the γ-phosphate. Nucleotide hydrolysis and Pi release modulate the conformational ensemble at the periphery of the filament, thus resulting in open and closed states, which can be sensed by coronin-1B. The drug-like toxin jasplakinolide locks F-actin in an open state. Our results demonstrate in detail how ATP hydrolysis links to F-actin’s conformational dynamics and protein interaction.

Journal

Nature Structural & Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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