Russian Chemical Bulletin, International Edition, Vol. 66, No.11, pp. 1939—1962, November, 2017 1939
Published in Russian in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 11, pp. 1939—1962, November, 2017.
10665285/17/66111939 © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Structuraldimensional effects and their application in the "core—nanoshell"
systems synthesized by the molecular layering*
А. А. Malygin,
А. А. Маlkov, and Е. А. Sosnov
St. Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University),
26 Moskovskii prosp., 190013 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Fax: +7 (812) 494 9239. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
In connection with the development of nanotechnology in the last 15—20 years, the
method of molecular layering (ML), created in the middle of the last century in the USSR,
has attracted increasing attention. The features of structuraldimensional effects in the prod
ucts obtained by new chemical nanotechnology and promising directions of their practical
application in "core—nanoshell" compositions are considered in the review. In accordance
with the synthetic capabilities of the ML method, the functional properties of the "core—
nanoshell" type materials are affected by the "monolayer effect" and the substrate shielding
effect, as well as the multicomponent nature of the system, and mutual structural coordina
tion effect of the substrate and the buildup nanolayer. The review presents theoretical and
experimental data on the application of the observed effects in the creation of shell pigments
and fillers, modified sorbents, catalytic membrane reactors, nanodoped ceramic materials,
polymers, quartz fibers with adjustable optical characteristics, electrets, etc.
Key words: solid, surface, molecular layering, composition "core—nanoshell", physico
chemical transformations, functional nanocoatings, structuraldimensional effects.
A scientific and technological revolution, connected
with the development of nanotechnology, was actually
accomplished at the border of the 20th and 21st centu
ries. That, in the opinion of many scientists, will affect
practically all spheres of human activity in the new cen
Traditionally, there are two main directions for the
formation of nanoobjects, namely, "topdown" and "bot
tomup" nanotechnologies. A larger group consists of
techniques for the creation of the nanoscale systems using
a bottomup basis. In this case, since the ratio of a num
ber of surface atoms to their total content in the product
increases significantly by transfer to nanoscale systems,
in particular to nanoparticles, then, it is possible to vary
the functional properties of materials within a wide range
by tuning their composition.
* Based on the Materials of the XX Mendeleev Congress on
General and Applied Chemistry (September 26—30, 2016,