Structural Constraints, Risky Lifestyles, and Repeat
Jillian J. Turanovic
Travis C. Pratt
Alex R. Piquero
Published online: 5 December 2016
Ó Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016
Research indicates that victims who make changes to their risky behavioral
routines are better able to avoid being victimized again in the future. Nevertheless, some
victims’ abilities to change their behaviors may be limited by what Hindelang et al. in
Victims of personal crime: an empirical foundation for a theory of personal victimization.
Ballinger, Cambridge (1978) referred to as ‘‘structural constraints.’’ To assess this issue,
we determine: (1) whether victims who reside in communities characterized by structural
constraints (e.g., concentrated disadvantage) are more likely to continue engaging in risky
behaviors (e.g., offending, illicit drug use, and getting drunk) after being victimized; and
(2) whether victims who continue to engage in risky lifestyles have an increased likelihood
of repeat victimization.
Ten waves of data (spanning nearly 7 years) from the Pathways to Desistance
Study are used, and multilevel models are estimated to examine changes to risky lifestyles
and repeat victimization among a subsample of victims.
Findings indicate that community-level structural constraints impose limits on the
changes that victims make to their risky lifestyles, and that these changes inﬂuence repeat
We conclude that, in the context of repeat victimization, structural con-
straints are both real and consequential, and that future theory and research should continue
to explore how context shapes and inﬂuences victims’ behavioral routines.
A previous version of this paper was presented at the 70th Annual Meeting of the American Society of
Criminology, San Francisco, CA.
& Jillian J. Turanovic
College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida State University, 112 S. Copeland Street,
Tallahassee, FL 32306-1273, USA
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA
J Quant Criminol (2018) 34:251–274