The nucleotide sequence of a fragment of the promoter region of pro-SmAMP1 gene, having a length of 1257 bp and encoding antifungal peptides, was determined in chickweed (Stellaria media (L.) Vill.). Computer analysis of the nucleotide sequence revealed a number of cis-elements that are typical strong plant promoters. Five 5′-deletion variants were created taking into account the distribution of cis-elements:–1235,–771,–714,–603, and–481 bp of pro-SmAMP1 gene promoter, which were fused to the coding region of the uidA reporter gene in pCambia1381Z plant expression vector. The efficacy of pro-SmAMP1 promoter deletion variants was determined by transient expression in plants of Nicotiana benthamiana and using sequential generations of transgenic Nicotiana tabacum plants. It was found that the levels of GUS reporter protein activity in the extracts from transgenic and agroinfiltrated plants using all deletion variants of pro-SmAMP1 gene promoter were 3–5 times higher than those of 35S CaMV viral promoter. The highest activity of GUS protein was observed in the leaves of transgenic tobacco plants and closely correlated with the mRNA level of encoding gene. The levels of GUS activity did not differ significantly among 11 independent homozygous lines of T2 generation of N. tabacum plants with different deletion variants of pro-SmAMP1 promoter. The results give reason to assume that all deletion variants of pro-SmAMP1 promoter provide stable and high level of expression of controlled genes. The shortest deletion variant–481 bp of pro-SmAMP1 promoter should be viewed as a potentially strong plant promoter for the genetic engineering of plants.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 11, 2016
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