Structural Adaptation of the Leaf Mesophyll to Shading

Structural Adaptation of the Leaf Mesophyll to Shading Structural characteristics of the mesophyll were studied in five boreal grass species experiencing a wide range of light and water supply conditions. Quantitative indices of the palisade and spongy mesophyll tissues (cell and chloroplast sizes, the number of chloroplasts per cell, the total cell and chloroplast surface area per unit leaf surface area) were determined in leaves of each of the species. The cell surface area and the cell volume in spongy mesophyll were determined with a novel method based on stereological analysis of cell projections. An important role of spongy parenchyma in the photosynthetic apparatus was demonstrated. In leaves of the species studied, the spongy parenchyma constituted about 50% of the total volume and 40% of the total surface area of mesophyll cells. The proportion of the palisade to spongy mesophyll tissues varied with plant species and growth conditions. In a xerophyte Genista tinctoria, the total cell volume, cell abundance, and the total surface area of cells and chloroplasts were 30–40% larger in the palisade than in the spongy mesophyll. In contrast, in a shade-loving species Veronica chamaedris, the spongy mesophyll was 1.5–2 times more developed than the palisade mesophyll. In mesophyte species grown under high light conditions, the cell abundance and the total cell surface area were 10–20% greater in the palisade mesophyll than in the spongy parenchyma. In shaded habitats, these indices were similar in the palisade and spongy mesophyll or were 10–20% lower in the palisade mesophyll. In mesophytes, CO2 conductance of the spongy mesophyll accounted for about 50% of the total mesophyll conductance, as calculated from the structural characteristics, with the mesophyll CO2 conductance increasing with leaf shading. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Structural Adaptation of the Leaf Mesophyll to Shading

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/structural-adaptation-of-the-leaf-mesophyll-to-shading-oGDOaYSXie
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1015513607202
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Structural characteristics of the mesophyll were studied in five boreal grass species experiencing a wide range of light and water supply conditions. Quantitative indices of the palisade and spongy mesophyll tissues (cell and chloroplast sizes, the number of chloroplasts per cell, the total cell and chloroplast surface area per unit leaf surface area) were determined in leaves of each of the species. The cell surface area and the cell volume in spongy mesophyll were determined with a novel method based on stereological analysis of cell projections. An important role of spongy parenchyma in the photosynthetic apparatus was demonstrated. In leaves of the species studied, the spongy parenchyma constituted about 50% of the total volume and 40% of the total surface area of mesophyll cells. The proportion of the palisade to spongy mesophyll tissues varied with plant species and growth conditions. In a xerophyte Genista tinctoria, the total cell volume, cell abundance, and the total surface area of cells and chloroplasts were 30–40% larger in the palisade than in the spongy mesophyll. In contrast, in a shade-loving species Veronica chamaedris, the spongy mesophyll was 1.5–2 times more developed than the palisade mesophyll. In mesophyte species grown under high light conditions, the cell abundance and the total cell surface area were 10–20% greater in the palisade mesophyll than in the spongy parenchyma. In shaded habitats, these indices were similar in the palisade and spongy mesophyll or were 10–20% lower in the palisade mesophyll. In mesophytes, CO2 conductance of the spongy mesophyll accounted for about 50% of the total mesophyll conductance, as calculated from the structural characteristics, with the mesophyll CO2 conductance increasing with leaf shading.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off