Strong conservation of the human NF2 locus based on sequence comparison in five species

Strong conservation of the human NF2 locus based on sequence comparison in five species We analyzed 137 kb covering human neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor locus and orthologous loci from baboon, mouse, rat, and pufferfish Takifugu rubripes. A predominant feature of human-rodent conservation is a very similar distribution of conserved islands, regarding length, position, and degree of identity. By use of a threshold of 75% identity over ≥100 bp of gap-free alignment, comparisons of human-mouse sequences resulted in 3.58% for extra-exonic conservation, which can be compared to 4.5% of exonic sequence content within the human locus. We identified a duplication of neurofibromin 2 in pufferfish, which resulted in two putative proteins with 74% and 76% identity to the human protein. One distinct island (called inter 1), conserved between all analyzed species, was located between promoters of the NIPSNAP1 and NF2 genes. Inter 1 might represent a novel regulatory element, important for the function of this locus. The high level of intronic conservation in the NF2 locus suggests that a number of unknown regulatory elements might exist within this gene. These elements could be affected by disease-causing mutations in NF2 patients and NF2-associated tumors. Alternatively, this conservation might be explained by presence of not yet characterized transcriptional unit(s) within this locus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Strong conservation of the human NF2 locus based on sequence comparison in five species

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Philosophy
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-003-3011-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We analyzed 137 kb covering human neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor locus and orthologous loci from baboon, mouse, rat, and pufferfish Takifugu rubripes. A predominant feature of human-rodent conservation is a very similar distribution of conserved islands, regarding length, position, and degree of identity. By use of a threshold of 75% identity over ≥100 bp of gap-free alignment, comparisons of human-mouse sequences resulted in 3.58% for extra-exonic conservation, which can be compared to 4.5% of exonic sequence content within the human locus. We identified a duplication of neurofibromin 2 in pufferfish, which resulted in two putative proteins with 74% and 76% identity to the human protein. One distinct island (called inter 1), conserved between all analyzed species, was located between promoters of the NIPSNAP1 and NF2 genes. Inter 1 might represent a novel regulatory element, important for the function of this locus. The high level of intronic conservation in the NF2 locus suggests that a number of unknown regulatory elements might exist within this gene. These elements could be affected by disease-causing mutations in NF2 patients and NF2-associated tumors. Alternatively, this conservation might be explained by presence of not yet characterized transcriptional unit(s) within this locus.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 22, 2003

References

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