Purpose We hypothesized that the chemokine SDF1/CXCR4 system was present in feline cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and that COCs cultured with SDF1 would directly upregulate gene expression in the ovulatory cascade. Methods Ovaries (n = 50) were obtained from adult domestic cats during the breeding season and COCs were recovered from antral follicles. Because IVM media triggers cumulus-oocyte expansion, culture conditions needed to be optimized to study periovulatory genes. After optimization, the effects of 25 ng/ml SDF1 and the CXCR4 inhibitor were examined in a COC culture for 3, 12, and 24 h. Results MEM-hepes with 1% of charcoal stripped-FBS was the optimized culture medium, assessed by the expansion of COCs at 24 h in the gonadotropin (GNT) group but not in the media with serum alone. The mRNA expression of HAS2, TNFAIP6, PTX3,and AREG peaked at 3 h in GNT group as compared to all other groups (p <0.05). COCs cultured with SDF1 showed increased HAS2 and TNFAIP6 mRNA expression at 3 h compared to negative controls and to the CXCR4 inhibitor group. CXCR4 and SDF1 immunostaining was present in both cumulus cells and the oocyte. Conclusions These results demonstrate that GNT stimulation upregulates key periovulatory genes and expansion
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 8, 2018
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