Stressed podocytes—mechanical forces, sensors, signaling and response

Stressed podocytes—mechanical forces, sensors, signaling and response Increased glomerular capillary pressure (glomerular hypertension) and increased glomerular filtration rate (glomerular hyperfiltration) have been proven to cause glomerulosclerosis in animal models and are likely to be operative in patients. Since podocytes cover the glomerular basement membrane, they are exposed to tensile stress due to circumferential wall tension and to fluid shear stress arising from filtrate flow through the narrow filtration slits and through Bowman’s space. In vitro evidence documents that podocytes respond to tensile stress as well as to fluid shear stress. Several proteins are discussed in this review that are expressed in podocytes and could act as mechanosensors converting mechanical force via a conformational change into a biochemical signal. The cation channels P2X4 and TRPC6 were shown to be involved in mechanosignaling in podocytes. P2X4 is activated by stretch-induced ATP release, while TRPC6 might be inherently mechanosensitive. Membrane, slit diaphragm and cell-matrix contact proteins are connected to the sublemmal actin network in podocytes via various linker proteins. Therefore, actin-associated proteins, like the proven mechanosensor filamin, are ideal candidates to sense forces in the podocyte cytoskeleton. Furthermore, podocytes express talin, p130Cas, and fibronectin that are known to undergo a conformational change in response to mechanical force exposing cryptic binding sites. Downstream of mechanosensors, experimental evidence suggests the involvement of MAP kinases, Ca2+ and COX2 in mechanosignaling and an emerging role of YAP/TAZ. In summary, our understanding of mechanotransduction in podocytes is still sketchy, but future progress holds promise to identify targets to alleviate conditions of increased mechanical load. Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology Springer Journals

Stressed podocytes—mechanical forces, sensors, signaling and response

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Biomedicine; Human Physiology; Molecular Medicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Receptors
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial