P1: VENDOR/GDX/LOV P2: GMX/GCQ
Psychiatric Quarterly [psaq] PHO48-340225 May 28, 2001 10:43 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 4, 2001
STRESS AND MOOD DISORDERS DURING
PREGNANCY: IMPLICATIONS FOR CHILD
Catherine Monk, Ph.D.
Recent research suggests that stress, anxiety, and depression during pregnancy
may have an impact on how the child develops. In this article, the central lit-
erature supporting this hypothesis is reviewed. Next, studies from our labora-
tory showing that differences in fetal heart rate patterns are associated with
women’s anxiety and depressive symptomatology are reviewed. The data indi-
cate that we can detect fetal markers associated with alterations in women’s
mood that also are linked to differences in the neurobiological substrate of the
fetus’ emerging emotion regulation system. Identifying such fetal character-
istics someday may contribute to the early detection and prevention of predis-
positions to childhood risk for emotional problems and even psychopatholgy.
KEY WORDS: pregnancy; stress; anxiety; fetal development.
Catherine Monk, Ph.D., is with the Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University,
New York, New York, and the Behavioral Medicine Program, Columbia-Presbyterian
Medical Center, New York, New York.
Address correspondence to Catherine Monk, Ph.D., NYSPI, Unit #40, New York, NY
10032; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2001 Human Sciences Press, Inc.