Strength retention and moisture resistant properties of citric acid modified thermoplastic starch resins

Strength retention and moisture resistant properties of citric acid modified thermoplastic starch... The strength retention and moisture resistant properties of thermoplastic starch (TPS) resins were significantly enhanced by modifying with proper amounts of citric acid (CA) (i.e. TPS100CAx specimens) or by melt-blending with poly(lactic acid) (PLA) (i.e. (TPS100CA0.1)xPLAy specimens). In contrast to the distinguished retrogradation effect found for all conditioned TPS specimens, one can barely find any recrystallized starch crystals in TPS100CAx and/or (TPS100CA0.1)xPLAy specimens maintained at 20 °C/50% RH for less than 42 days. The tensile/impact strength retention values of properly prepared conditioned TPS100CA0.1 and (TPS100CA0.1)30PLA70 specimens were equivalent to 1.5 MPa/0.28 KJ/m2 and 41.8 MPa/1.63 KJ/m2, respectively, which were more than 4/4 times and 105/23 times higher than those of corresponding TPS specimens maintained at 20 °C/50% RH for 70 days. In comparison with conditioned TPS specimens, significantly less and shorter drawn debris were found on the fracture surfaces of the corresponding conditioned TPS100CA0.1 and (TPS100CA0.1)30PLA70 specimens with the same amounts of conditioned time. As revealed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Solid-state 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance analyses, disruption of intra and interhydrogen-bondings within starch molecules did occur after addition of small amounts of CA during the modification processes of TPS100CAx specimens. The relatively unchanged in retrogradation effect, significantly less drawn debris and considerable improvement in moisture resistant and/or strength retention properties of the conditioned TPS100CAx and/or (TPS100CA0.1)xPLAy specimens is most likely due to the efficient hydrogen-bonding CA molecules with the moisture-absorbing hydroxyl (free or hydrogen-bonded) of starch molecules that prohibits moisture absorption during their conditioning processes. Journal of Polymer Research Springer Journals

Strength retention and moisture resistant properties of citric acid modified thermoplastic starch resins

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial