The concentration fluctuation c of diluted fluorescein dye, a high-Schmidt-number passive scalar (Sc=ν/D ≈ 2000, ν and D are the fluid momentum and dye diffusivities, respectively), is measured in the wake of a circular cylinder using a single-point laser-induced fluorescence (SPLIF) technique. The streamwise decay rate of the mean and rms values of c is slow in comparison to that of θ, the temperature fluctuation for which the molecular Prandtl number Pr=ν/κ is about 0.7 (κ is the thermal diffusivity). The comparison between mean and rms distributions of c and θ highlights the combined role the Reynolds and Schmidt numbers play in terms of dispersing the scalar. The streamwise evolution of the probability density functions (pdfs) of c and θ suggest that while p(θ) is approximately Gaussian in the intermediate wake (x/d ≈ 80), p(c) is strongly non-Gaussian, and depends on both x/d and Re. The skewness of c is larger than that of θ along the wake centreline. Arguably, the asymmetry of p(c) reflects the relatively strong organisation of the large-scale motion in the far-wake.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2001
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