Strain diversity and conserved genome elements in Strawberry mild yellow edge virus

Strain diversity and conserved genome elements in Strawberry mild yellow edge virus The complete nucleotide sequence of Strawberry mild yellow edge virus isolate D74, and the sequences of a 878 nt region of the coat protein and flanking regions of twenty three isolates of SMYEV were obtained and analysed. The full sequence of the aphid transmissible strain D74 was deduced and found to have an 86% sequence identity to the non-transmissible Agrobacterium infectious MY18 strain. In contrast to isolate MY18 the 5′ terminal nucleotides (GAAAAC) of D74 are typical of those from other potexviruses. However, both MY18 and D74 have a non-AUG initiation codon for ORF2 encoding the triple gene block protein 1 (TGB1), and an overlapping TGB3 and coat protein (CP), features unique in the Potexvirus genus. Other conserved features of the genome, including stem-loop structures in the untranslated regions, and motifs common to related viruses are described. The previously postulated ORF6 of MY18 is absent in twenty of the isolates sequenced, including D74. Phylogenetic analysis places all isolates in one of three distinct groups/strains named here I (type-D74), II (type-9Redland), and III (type-MY18), with the majority of isolates, including all European isolates tested, belonging to strain I (type-D74). Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Strain diversity and conserved genome elements in Strawberry mild yellow edge virus

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