This review analyzes the literature and original data on the resources, use, and cultivation of useful marine macrophytes in Vietnam. Information is provided about more than 60 species of macroalgae: including 41 species of Rhodophyta, 15 species of Heterokontophyta and 7 species of Chlorophyta. Out of these, more than 50 species are used for food, about 20 species are used in folk medicine, and more than 30 species are important commercial sources of polysaccharides (agar, carrageenan, and alginates); Sargassum, Gracilaria, and Kappaphycus are exported (mainly to China). The wild stocks of useful algae in Vietnam are declining as a result of their uncontrolled export (especially Sargassaceae). Several species of Gracilaria and Kappaphycus are commercially cultivated and also exported.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 25, 2012
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