Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 13: 141–149, 2003. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. S. Mustafa Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia Contents Introduction page 141 Terminology 142 Stocking objectives 143 Types of sea ranching 143 Necessary basic scientiﬁc information 143 Concerns and scientiﬁc answers 145 Conclusion 148 References 148 Introduction of these resources and applying new management tools sustained supplies from the sea are unlikely. An increasing seafood demand together with the The contribution of aquaculture to seafood produc- decline or stabilization of most of the global tion cannot be overemphasized. It increased the global marine ﬁshery resources and increasing proﬁciency ﬁsheries production to over 140 million tons in 2000 in aquaculture are essentially responsible for the (FAO Fishery Statistics). However, a number of inputs enhanced interest in sea ranching. The world produc- required in aquaculture operations increase the cost of tion from capture ﬁsheries has leveled off or declined, the product, often substantially. Also, there are several after reaching a peak of 88.67 million tons in 1989. aquaculture practices that fail to sustain production on Reckless exploitation of marine living resources, a long-term basis for a variety
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 4, 2004
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