Myo-inositol (MI; hexahydroxycyclohexane, C6H6O12) is a small neutral molecule used as a compatible osmolyte in the kidney medulla. At high concentrations, MI appears to act as a chemical chaperone and was shown to promote plasma membrane expression of the impaired cystic fibrosis chloride channel (Δ508-CFTR). In the present study, we measured whether MI could increase expression of two human aquaporin 2 (AQP2) mutants which were recently identified as causing nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Both proteins (D150E and G196D) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, but only D150E displayed an increase in oocyte water permeability (P f). Adding 5 mM MI to the bathing solution for 24 h produced a 50% increase in the D150E-associated P f, while it had no effect on noninjected oocytes or on oocytes expressing wt-AQP2 or G196D. Western blots performed on purified plasma membrane preparations confirmed that MI increased the amount of D150E present at the plasma membrane, while G196D was always undetectable. X. laevis oocytes are remarkably impermeable to MI, and the effect of MI on D150E expression does not require the presence of intracellular MI. The effect of external MI was dose-dependent (K 0.5 was 130 μM) and specific with respect to other forms of inositols. Further studies on a second group of AQP2 mutants causing NDI showed that K228E activity was similarly stimulated by MI, while V71M, A70D and S256L were not. It is concluded that physiological concentrations of extracellular MI can stimulate the expression of a specific subgroup of AQP2 mutants.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 14, 2010
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