Stimulating Effect of External Myo-Inositol on the Expression of Mutant Forms of Aquaporin 2

Stimulating Effect of External Myo-Inositol on the Expression of Mutant Forms of Aquaporin 2 Myo-inositol (MI; hexahydroxycyclohexane, C6H6O12) is a small neutral molecule used as a compatible osmolyte in the kidney medulla. At high concentrations, MI appears to act as a chemical chaperone and was shown to promote plasma membrane expression of the impaired cystic fibrosis chloride channel (Δ508-CFTR). In the present study, we measured whether MI could increase expression of two human aquaporin 2 (AQP2) mutants which were recently identified as causing nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Both proteins (D150E and G196D) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, but only D150E displayed an increase in oocyte water permeability (P f). Adding 5 mM MI to the bathing solution for 24 h produced a 50% increase in the D150E-associated P f, while it had no effect on noninjected oocytes or on oocytes expressing wt-AQP2 or G196D. Western blots performed on purified plasma membrane preparations confirmed that MI increased the amount of D150E present at the plasma membrane, while G196D was always undetectable. X. laevis oocytes are remarkably impermeable to MI, and the effect of MI on D150E expression does not require the presence of intracellular MI. The effect of external MI was dose-dependent (K 0.5 was 130 μM) and specific with respect to other forms of inositols. Further studies on a second group of AQP2 mutants causing NDI showed that K228E activity was similarly stimulated by MI, while V71M, A70D and S256L were not. It is concluded that physiological concentrations of extracellular MI can stimulate the expression of a specific subgroup of AQP2 mutants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Stimulating Effect of External Myo-Inositol on the Expression of Mutant Forms of Aquaporin 2

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/stimulating-effect-of-external-myo-inositol-on-the-expression-of-HaIOZOvk5B
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9295-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Myo-inositol (MI; hexahydroxycyclohexane, C6H6O12) is a small neutral molecule used as a compatible osmolyte in the kidney medulla. At high concentrations, MI appears to act as a chemical chaperone and was shown to promote plasma membrane expression of the impaired cystic fibrosis chloride channel (Δ508-CFTR). In the present study, we measured whether MI could increase expression of two human aquaporin 2 (AQP2) mutants which were recently identified as causing nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Both proteins (D150E and G196D) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, but only D150E displayed an increase in oocyte water permeability (P f). Adding 5 mM MI to the bathing solution for 24 h produced a 50% increase in the D150E-associated P f, while it had no effect on noninjected oocytes or on oocytes expressing wt-AQP2 or G196D. Western blots performed on purified plasma membrane preparations confirmed that MI increased the amount of D150E present at the plasma membrane, while G196D was always undetectable. X. laevis oocytes are remarkably impermeable to MI, and the effect of MI on D150E expression does not require the presence of intracellular MI. The effect of external MI was dose-dependent (K 0.5 was 130 μM) and specific with respect to other forms of inositols. Further studies on a second group of AQP2 mutants causing NDI showed that K228E activity was similarly stimulated by MI, while V71M, A70D and S256L were not. It is concluded that physiological concentrations of extracellular MI can stimulate the expression of a specific subgroup of AQP2 mutants.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 14, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off