Stereotactic radiosurgery for focal leptomeningeal disease in patients with brain metastases

Stereotactic radiosurgery for focal leptomeningeal disease in patients with brain metastases Leptomeningeal disease (LMD) is well described in patients with brain metastases, presenting symptomatically in approximately 5% of patients. Conventionally, the presence of LMD is an indication for whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and not suitable for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the local control and overall survival of patients who underwent SRS to focal LMD. We reviewed our prospective registry and identified 32 brain metastases patients with LMD, from a total of 465 patients who underwent SRS between 2013 and 2015. Focal LMD was targeted with SRS in 16 patients. The median imaging follow-up time was 7 months. The median volume of LMD was 372 mm3 and the median margin dose was 16 Gy. Five patients underwent prior WBRT. Histology included non-small cell lung (8), breast (5), melanoma (1), gastrointestinal (1) and ovarian cancer (1). Follow-up MR imaging was available for 14 patients. LMD was stable in 5 and partially regressed in 8 patients at follow-up. One patient had progression of LMD with hemorrhage 5 months after SRS. Seven patients developed distant LMD at a median time of 7 months. The median actuarial overall survival from SRS for LMD was 10.0 months. The 6-month and 1-year actuarial overall survival was 60% and 26% respectively. Six patients underwent WBRT after SRS for focal LMD at a median time of 6 months. Overall, focal LMD may be may be treated successfully with radiosurgery, potentially delaying WBRT in some patients. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuro-Oncology Springer Journals

Stereotactic radiosurgery for focal leptomeningeal disease in patients with brain metastases

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-focal-leptomeningeal-disease-in-patients-QnPiOwUFJU
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Neurology
ISSN
0167-594X
eISSN
1573-7373
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11060-017-2497-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Leptomeningeal disease (LMD) is well described in patients with brain metastases, presenting symptomatically in approximately 5% of patients. Conventionally, the presence of LMD is an indication for whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and not suitable for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the local control and overall survival of patients who underwent SRS to focal LMD. We reviewed our prospective registry and identified 32 brain metastases patients with LMD, from a total of 465 patients who underwent SRS between 2013 and 2015. Focal LMD was targeted with SRS in 16 patients. The median imaging follow-up time was 7 months. The median volume of LMD was 372 mm3 and the median margin dose was 16 Gy. Five patients underwent prior WBRT. Histology included non-small cell lung (8), breast (5), melanoma (1), gastrointestinal (1) and ovarian cancer (1). Follow-up MR imaging was available for 14 patients. LMD was stable in 5 and partially regressed in 8 patients at follow-up. One patient had progression of LMD with hemorrhage 5 months after SRS. Seven patients developed distant LMD at a median time of 7 months. The median actuarial overall survival from SRS for LMD was 10.0 months. The 6-month and 1-year actuarial overall survival was 60% and 26% respectively. Six patients underwent WBRT after SRS for focal LMD at a median time of 6 months. Overall, focal LMD may be may be treated successfully with radiosurgery, potentially delaying WBRT in some patients.

Journal

Journal of Neuro-OncologySpringer Journals

Published: May 23, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off