Status of foot-and-mouth disease in Pakistan

Status of foot-and-mouth disease in Pakistan The present study reports the distribution of different serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in Pakistan during the period 1952–2007. During this time, a total of 1,543 epithelial samples out of 2,484 tested were found positive for various serotypes of FMDV. Serotype O was found to be the most prevalent ( p < 0.001) followed by serotype Asia-1 and A. Serotype C was detected only in 1954, 1963 and 1995. The disease was found to be more prevalent ( p < 0.0001) in cattle than buffaloes. The geographical distribution of 153 laboratory confirmed FMD outbreaks from 2002 to 2007 and the serotypes of the virus involved has been mapped. Higher number of outbreaks of the disease was noted between the months of January to March during this period, which may be attributed to the livestock movement in the country particularly due to religious festival, Eidul Azha , in which the animals are sacrificed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Status of foot-and-mouth disease in Pakistan

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0732-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study reports the distribution of different serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) in Pakistan during the period 1952–2007. During this time, a total of 1,543 epithelial samples out of 2,484 tested were found positive for various serotypes of FMDV. Serotype O was found to be the most prevalent ( p < 0.001) followed by serotype Asia-1 and A. Serotype C was detected only in 1954, 1963 and 1995. The disease was found to be more prevalent ( p < 0.0001) in cattle than buffaloes. The geographical distribution of 153 laboratory confirmed FMD outbreaks from 2002 to 2007 and the serotypes of the virus involved has been mapped. Higher number of outbreaks of the disease was noted between the months of January to March during this period, which may be attributed to the livestock movement in the country particularly due to religious festival, Eidul Azha , in which the animals are sacrificed.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2010

References

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