Ninety-six male and female university employees (93% White, 6% African American, 1% Asian) were photographed in dyads while they conversed about working at their university (candid photographs) and again while they deliberately faced the camera (posed photographs). Eight nonverbal behaviors were coded from the photographs, and relative status was ascertained from a postexperimental questionnaire. Status differences were found for upward (chin-up) head tilt and for resting elbows on leg or furniture; candid versus posed differences were found for upward head tilt, smiling, and raising the eyebrows; and gender differences were found for smiling, erect posture, forward lean, and touching self. Interactions involving gender, candid/posed photographs, and/or status suggested limitations to generalizations about main effects.
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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