Statistical Analysis of High-Resolution Light Microscope Images Reveals Effects of Cytoskeleton-Disrupting Drugs on the Membrane Organization of the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor

Statistical Analysis of High-Resolution Light Microscope Images Reveals Effects of... Extensive evidence supports the notion that the cytoskeleton participates in the immobilization and membrane clustering of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular junction. Stimulated emission depletion fluorescence microscopy has revealed the supramolecular organization of AChR nanoclusters at the surface of CHO-K1/A5 cells with subdiffraction resolution (Kellner et al., Neuroscience 144:135–143 2007). We studied the effect of two cytoskeletal-disrupting drugs (cytochalasin D and jasplakinolide) on the nanoscale distribution of muscle-type AChR expressed in these cells by means of mathematical and statistical analysis of images obtained with the same high-resolution microscopy. AChR nanoclusters were found to be randomly distributed in both controls and cells treated with either drug for distances larger than 500 nm. Treatments altered the distribution of AChR nanoclusters according to their brightness/size. Cytochalasin D and jasplakinolide produced a statistically significant increase in the proportion of medium-size nanoclusters and a diminution of small nanoclusters, indicating higher disrupting activity on the latter. This was further corroborated by the diminution of the brightness/diameter ratio of nanoclusters (a measure of the intracluster density of AChR molecules) and by Ripley’s analysis applied to simulated patterns with intracluster aggregation of AChR molecules. The combined analytical tools bring out subtle changes in the two-dimensional organization of the AChR nanoaggregates on disruption of the cytoskeletal network and throw light on the possible link between the cytoskeleton and the distribution of the AChR at the cell surface. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Statistical Analysis of High-Resolution Light Microscope Images Reveals Effects of Cytoskeleton-Disrupting Drugs on the Membrane Organization of the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9261-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Extensive evidence supports the notion that the cytoskeleton participates in the immobilization and membrane clustering of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular junction. Stimulated emission depletion fluorescence microscopy has revealed the supramolecular organization of AChR nanoclusters at the surface of CHO-K1/A5 cells with subdiffraction resolution (Kellner et al., Neuroscience 144:135–143 2007). We studied the effect of two cytoskeletal-disrupting drugs (cytochalasin D and jasplakinolide) on the nanoscale distribution of muscle-type AChR expressed in these cells by means of mathematical and statistical analysis of images obtained with the same high-resolution microscopy. AChR nanoclusters were found to be randomly distributed in both controls and cells treated with either drug for distances larger than 500 nm. Treatments altered the distribution of AChR nanoclusters according to their brightness/size. Cytochalasin D and jasplakinolide produced a statistically significant increase in the proportion of medium-size nanoclusters and a diminution of small nanoclusters, indicating higher disrupting activity on the latter. This was further corroborated by the diminution of the brightness/diameter ratio of nanoclusters (a measure of the intracluster density of AChR molecules) and by Ripley’s analysis applied to simulated patterns with intracluster aggregation of AChR molecules. The combined analytical tools bring out subtle changes in the two-dimensional organization of the AChR nanoaggregates on disruption of the cytoskeletal network and throw light on the possible link between the cytoskeleton and the distribution of the AChR at the cell surface.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 8, 2010

References

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