State transitions revisited—a buffering system for dynamic low light acclimation of Arabidopsis

State transitions revisited—a buffering system for dynamic low light acclimation of Arabidopsis The mobile part of the light-harvesting chlorophyll (chl) a/b protein complex (LHCII), composed of the Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 proteins, is the basic unit of chloroplast state transitions—the short term tuning system in balancing the excitation energy between Photosystem (PS) II and PSI. State transitions are catalysed by the thylakoid associated STN7 kinase, and we show here that besides the phosphorylation of the Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 proteins, also the phosphorylation of Lhcb4.2 (CP29) is under the control of the STN7 kinase. Upon growth of Arabidopsis WT and stn7 mutant plants under low and moderate light conditions, the WT plants favoured state 2 whereas stn7 was locked in state 1. The lack of the STN7 kinase and state transitions in stn7 also modified the thylakoid protein contents upon long-term low light acclimation resulting, for example, in low Lhcb1 and in elevated Lhca1 and Lhca2 protein amounts as compared to WT. Adjustments of thylakoid protein contents probably occurred at post-transcriptional level since the DNA microarray experiments from each growth condition did not reveal any significant differences between stn7 and WT transcriptomes. The resulting high Lhcb2/Lhcb1 ratio in stn7 upon growth at low light was accompanied by lower capacity for NPQ than in WT. On the contrary, higher amounts of PsbS in stn7 under moderate and high light growth conditions resulted in higher NPQ compared to WT and consequently also in a protection of PSII against photoinhibition. STN7 kinase and the state transitions are suggested to have a physiological significance for dynamic acclimation to low but fluctuating growth light conditions. They are shown to function as a buffering system upon short high light illumination peaks by shifting the thylakoids from state 2 to state 1 and thereby down regulating the induction of stress-responsive genes, a likely result from transient over-reduction of PSI acceptors. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

State transitions revisited—a buffering system for dynamic low light acclimation of Arabidopsis

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial