Stages of Change, Determinants, and Mortality for Smoking Cessation in Adult Taiwanese Screenees

Stages of Change, Determinants, and Mortality for Smoking Cessation in Adult Taiwanese Screenees We aimed to investigate the associations between three smoking-related constructs (pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking) and stage of change (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action) based on the transtheoretical model among smokers attending a community-based screening program. We also assessed their effects on long-term all-cause mortality. A prospective cohort study, with an average of 7 years of follow-up, was conducted by enrolling 454 male smoking screenees. The comparisons of the mean score of each variable pertaining to three smoking-related constructs across four stages of smoking cessation were assessed by analysis of variance. The impacts of both smoking-related constructs and smoking cessation stage measured at baseline on 7-year mortality were assessed by using proportional hazards regression model. The differences in the mean scores of pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking across four stages of smoking cessation were statistically significant (P < 0.01). The precontemplation group and the contemplation group as opposed to the action group increased the risk for all-cause mortality, but the size of effect was not statistically significant (P = 0.39) when age, duration of smoking, and three smoking- related constructs were controlled. Those with a lower social aspect of self-efficacy were approximately threefold [adjusted hazard ratio = 3.22 (95 % CI 1.26–8.21)] risk for all-cause death compared with those with a higher one. Three smoking-related constructs were highly associated with smoking cessation stage, and low self-efficacy was independently predictive of long-term mortality among male smokers attending a community-based screening program. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Prevention Science Springer Journals

Stages of Change, Determinants, and Mortality for Smoking Cessation in Adult Taiwanese Screenees

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Society for Prevention Research
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Health Psychology; Child and School Psychology
ISSN
1389-4986
eISSN
1573-6695
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11121-014-0471-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the associations between three smoking-related constructs (pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking) and stage of change (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action) based on the transtheoretical model among smokers attending a community-based screening program. We also assessed their effects on long-term all-cause mortality. A prospective cohort study, with an average of 7 years of follow-up, was conducted by enrolling 454 male smoking screenees. The comparisons of the mean score of each variable pertaining to three smoking-related constructs across four stages of smoking cessation were assessed by analysis of variance. The impacts of both smoking-related constructs and smoking cessation stage measured at baseline on 7-year mortality were assessed by using proportional hazards regression model. The differences in the mean scores of pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking across four stages of smoking cessation were statistically significant (P < 0.01). The precontemplation group and the contemplation group as opposed to the action group increased the risk for all-cause mortality, but the size of effect was not statistically significant (P = 0.39) when age, duration of smoking, and three smoking- related constructs were controlled. Those with a lower social aspect of self-efficacy were approximately threefold [adjusted hazard ratio = 3.22 (95 % CI 1.26–8.21)] risk for all-cause death compared with those with a higher one. Three smoking-related constructs were highly associated with smoking cessation stage, and low self-efficacy was independently predictive of long-term mortality among male smokers attending a community-based screening program.

Journal

Prevention ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 8, 2014

References

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