Infectious cDNA clones of Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV)-RNA1 (pEALSR1) and -RNA2 (pEALSR2) were constructed using an enhanced 35S promoter. A viral vector was constructed from pEALSR2 by creating artificial protease processing sites by duplicating the Q/G protease cleavage site between 42KP and Vp25. Eight RNA2-derived vectors expressing GFP with varied sizes of duplications around the 42KP/Vp25 junction were constructed and tested for infectivity in Chenopodium quinoa . The results indicated that greater than five aa from the C-terminus of 42KP and N-terminus of Vp25 in duplication are necessary for systemic infection. In infected C. quinoa plants, GFP fluorescence was observed in both inoculated and upper leaves. Serial passages of the viruses derived from the above vectors in C. quinoa showed that the size of duplications affected the stability of the GFP gene. The version of the RNA2-vector (pER2L5R5GFP) with the shortest duplications and its silent mutant version could stably express GFP in leaves even after at least nine serial passages. ALSV-RNA2 vector has a capacity to maintain a DNA insert as long as 1300 bp because Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus movement protein (50KP) gene could be expressed in C. quinoa . Inoculation of a virus derived from pER2L5R5GFP to apple seedlings resulted in the expression of GFP fluorescence in uninoculated upper leaves, indicating that the vector is available for the expression of foreign genes in apple trees.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2004
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