The sprays into atmosphere from a GDI injector were visualised and the velocity and droplet characteristics measured at an injection pressure of 50 bar and at different injection durations, with emphasis on short injection periods. The images show that the initial and closing delay times were 0.225 and 0.2 ms, respectively, and that the cone angle increased with injection duration to a constant value of 62° at 0.5 ms. They also revealed large droplets ahead of the main spray with its smaller droplets. An injection duration of 0.15 ms led to fuel leaving the injector with little atomisation, but a 30% increase led to the formation of the cone, which was present for times greater than 0.5 ms. The poor atomisation associated with short injection durations and the initial phase of longer injections, was due to low swirl velocities. The droplet velocities were higher in the initial phase of injection than in the main phase, with values up to 50 m/s. The Sauter mean diameters of the initial and main-spray droplets were approximately 55 and 35 μm respectively and with a tendency to decrease with time from the start of injection.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 2001
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