Sporophyte-gametophyte interactions between anther and male gametophyte were investigated in two (fertile and sterile) clones of petunia (Petunia hybrida L.) with different reproductive strategies. Structural and functional reorganization of sporophyte tissues in the developing anther of fertile clone is closely coordinated with each of the successive stages of male gametophyte development (from meiosis to the formation of binuclear pollen) and comprises not only destruction of tapetum and three middle layers of the wall but also an activation of gas exchange and a rise in the content of sugars (sucrose, fructose, and glucose). In sterile clone, degradation of tapetum and anomalies in the development of sporogenic tissue were simultaneously observed in the prophase of meiosis. The death of microsporocytes and degeneration of tapetum were accompanied by a decrease in the level of sucrose delivered to the anther tissues and changes in the ratio between sucrose and hexoses in favor of glucose.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2009
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