Speech audiometric assessment of informational masking

Speech audiometric assessment of informational masking Originalien HNO 2017 · 65 (Suppl 2):S109–S115 S. Rählmann · H. Meister DOI 10.1007/s00106-016-0305-9 Jean Uhrmacher Institute for Clinical ENT-Research, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany Published online: 21 February 2017 © Springer Medizin Verlag Berlin 2017 Speech audiometric assessment of informational masking tener has to ignore this irrelevant infor- standing with competing talkers. In gen- Introduction mation by selectively focusing attention eral, one can distinguish between nonau- Binaural hearing is an important factor on the speaker of interest. Such maskers ditory factors, such as attention, working in allowing for the localization of sound might be more problematic than, for ex- memory, processing speed or executive sources and thus helping to follow com- ample, monotonous traffic noise, since it functions [2, 19, 23], and auditory fac- munication in acoustically complex lis- is more difficult to inhibit the competing tors. The latter include the perception tening situations that are relevant to daily speech stream. of temporal fine structure (e. g., [16]) life. Such “cocktail party” situations in- As a rule, cocktail party situations that supplies important speech informa- volve both auditory and cognitive func- comprise both EM and IM. However, tion in addition to envelope information. tions [9]. Depending onthe spatial http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png HNO Springer Journals

Speech audiometric assessment of informational masking

HNO , Volume 65 (2) – Feb 21, 2017

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Publisher
Springer Medizin
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Medizin Verlag Berlin
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Otorhinolaryngology; Neurosurgery
ISSN
0017-6192
eISSN
1433-0458
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00106-016-0305-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Originalien HNO 2017 · 65 (Suppl 2):S109–S115 S. Rählmann · H. Meister DOI 10.1007/s00106-016-0305-9 Jean Uhrmacher Institute for Clinical ENT-Research, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany Published online: 21 February 2017 © Springer Medizin Verlag Berlin 2017 Speech audiometric assessment of informational masking tener has to ignore this irrelevant infor- standing with competing talkers. In gen- Introduction mation by selectively focusing attention eral, one can distinguish between nonau- Binaural hearing is an important factor on the speaker of interest. Such maskers ditory factors, such as attention, working in allowing for the localization of sound might be more problematic than, for ex- memory, processing speed or executive sources and thus helping to follow com- ample, monotonous traffic noise, since it functions [2, 19, 23], and auditory fac- munication in acoustically complex lis- is more difficult to inhibit the competing tors. The latter include the perception tening situations that are relevant to daily speech stream. of temporal fine structure (e. g., [16]) life. Such “cocktail party” situations in- As a rule, cocktail party situations that supplies important speech informa- volve both auditory and cognitive func- comprise both EM and IM. However, tion in addition to envelope information. tions [9]. Depending onthe spatial

Journal

HNOSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 21, 2017

References

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