Originalien HNO 2017 · 65 (Suppl 2):S109–S115 S. Rählmann · H. Meister DOI 10.1007/s00106-016-0305-9 Jean Uhrmacher Institute for Clinical ENT-Research, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany Published online: 21 February 2017 © Springer Medizin Verlag Berlin 2017 Speech audiometric assessment of informational masking tener has to ignore this irrelevant infor- standing with competing talkers. In gen- Introduction mation by selectively focusing attention eral, one can distinguish between nonau- Binaural hearing is an important factor on the speaker of interest. Such maskers ditory factors, such as attention, working in allowing for the localization of sound might be more problematic than, for ex- memory, processing speed or executive sources and thus helping to follow com- ample, monotonous traﬃc noise, since it functions [2, 19, 23], and auditory fac- munication in acoustically complex lis- is more diﬃcult to inhibit the competing tors. The latter include the perception tening situations that are relevant to daily speech stream. of temporal ﬁne structure (e. g., ) life. Such “cocktail party” situations in- As a rule, cocktail party situations that supplies important speech informa- volve both auditory and cognitive func- comprise both EM and IM. However, tion in addition to envelope information. tions . Depending onthe spatial
HNO – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 21, 2017
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