A total of 111 unrelated probands and their 8 sibs from Grodno oblast (Belarus) with bilateral isolated sensorineural hearing impairment were studied for the presence of mutations in the connexin 26 (GJB2) gene. Mutations were detected in 51 probands (46% of the sample). A significantly higher frequency of the GJB2 gene mutations was observed in familial cases of the disease with the autosomal recessive mode of inheritance (in 78% of families). Detected characteristics of the GJB2 gene mutation spectrum demonstrated that the using the algorithm, which was designed for Russian patients, is optimal for the molecular study of patients from Belarus. In the sample of patients with hearing loss, the highest (among other similar samples studied in the world) allele frequency of c.313_326del14 mutation (7% of all pathological GJB2 alleles) was registered; Polish origin of this deletion was suggested. It was demonstrated that detection of the GJB2 gene mutation on one patient’s chromosome only is insufficient to confirm a molecular genetic diagnosis of hearing loss of the DFNB1 genetic type (autosomal recessive hearing loss caused by the GJB2 gene mutations). Pilot screening for the GJB2 gene mutations in newborns from Grodno oblast was performed. The material from 235 children was studied during the screening; nine heterozygous carriers of the mutation were found. The c.35delG mutation was detected in a homozygous state in a single newborn (hearing loss of moderate severity was subsequently audiologically confirmed in this child).
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 4, 2014
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