Spectral signatures of sugar beet leaves for the detection and differentiation of diseases

Spectral signatures of sugar beet leaves for the detection and differentiation of diseases This study examines the potential of hyperspectral sensor systems for the non-destructive detection and differentiation of plant diseases. In particular, a comparison of three fungal leaf diseases of sugar beet was conducted in order to facilitate a simplified and reproducible data analysis method for hyperspectral vegetation data. Reflectance spectra (400–1050 nm) of leaves infected with the fungal pathogens Cercospora beticola, Erysiphe betae, and Uromyces betae causing Cercospora leaf spot, powdery mildew and rust, respectively, were recorded repeatedly during pathogenesis with a spectro-radiometer and analyzed for disease-specific spectral signatures. Calculating the spectral difference and reflectance sensitivity for each wavelength emphasized regions of high interest in the visible and near infrared region of the spectral signatures. The best correlating spectral bands differed depending on the diseases. Spectral vegetation indices related to physiological parameters were calculated and correlated to the severity of diseases. The spectral vegetation indices Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Anthocyanin Reflectance Index (ARI) and modified Chlorophyll Absorption Integral (mCAI) differed in their ability to assess the different diseases at an early stage of disease development, or even before first symptoms became visible. Results suggested that a distinctive differentiation of the three sugar beet diseases using spectral vegetation indices is possible using two or more indices in combination. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Spectral signatures of sugar beet leaves for the detection and differentiation of diseases

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-010-9180-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examines the potential of hyperspectral sensor systems for the non-destructive detection and differentiation of plant diseases. In particular, a comparison of three fungal leaf diseases of sugar beet was conducted in order to facilitate a simplified and reproducible data analysis method for hyperspectral vegetation data. Reflectance spectra (400–1050 nm) of leaves infected with the fungal pathogens Cercospora beticola, Erysiphe betae, and Uromyces betae causing Cercospora leaf spot, powdery mildew and rust, respectively, were recorded repeatedly during pathogenesis with a spectro-radiometer and analyzed for disease-specific spectral signatures. Calculating the spectral difference and reflectance sensitivity for each wavelength emphasized regions of high interest in the visible and near infrared region of the spectral signatures. The best correlating spectral bands differed depending on the diseases. Spectral vegetation indices related to physiological parameters were calculated and correlated to the severity of diseases. The spectral vegetation indices Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Anthocyanin Reflectance Index (ARI) and modified Chlorophyll Absorption Integral (mCAI) differed in their ability to assess the different diseases at an early stage of disease development, or even before first symptoms became visible. Results suggested that a distinctive differentiation of the three sugar beet diseases using spectral vegetation indices is possible using two or more indices in combination.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 13, 2010

References

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