Spectral and photochemical properties were analyzed on intact chloroplasts and pigment-protein complexes isolated with gel electrophoresis from pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves of parental variety Torsdag and of chlorophyll-deficient mutants chlorotica 2004 and 2014. Measurements of chlorophyll absorption and fluorescence spectra and of second derivative low-temperature (−196°C) spectra clarified exact positions of fluorescence maxima and revealed the chlorophyll forms of individual complexes in samples investigated. The chlorotica 2004 mutant, whose hybrids yield the heterosis effect, was characterized by the decreased accumulation of chlorophyll forms absorbing at 690, 697, and 708 nm, known to constitute the core antenna in the vicinity of photosystem I (PSI) reaction center. In the chlorotica 2014 mutant, whose hybrids are low productive, the interaction between PSI and PSII complexes was weakened, but no other difference from the parental variety was observed. The analysis of PSI and PSII photochemical activities, as well as estimates of light-harvesting antenna size and the number of reaction centers revealed that the chlorotica 2004 mutant is deficient in the number of PSI reaction centers by a factor of 1.7. This deficiency resulted from the mutation-induced disorder in biosynthesis of chlorophyll a-protein complex of PSI. It appears that gene interactions between the 2004 mutant and the parental variety Torsdag enhance the functional and metabolic activity of leaves in their hybrids, thereby yielding the heterosis effect.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 7, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera