Spectral and photochemical properties were analyzed on intact chloroplasts and pigment-protein complexes isolated with gel electrophoresis from pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves of parental variety Torsdag and of chlorophyll-deficient mutants chlorotica 2004 and 2014. Measurements of chlorophyll absorption and fluorescence spectra and of second derivative low-temperature (−196°C) spectra clarified exact positions of fluorescence maxima and revealed the chlorophyll forms of individual complexes in samples investigated. The chlorotica 2004 mutant, whose hybrids yield the heterosis effect, was characterized by the decreased accumulation of chlorophyll forms absorbing at 690, 697, and 708 nm, known to constitute the core antenna in the vicinity of photosystem I (PSI) reaction center. In the chlorotica 2014 mutant, whose hybrids are low productive, the interaction between PSI and PSII complexes was weakened, but no other difference from the parental variety was observed. The analysis of PSI and PSII photochemical activities, as well as estimates of light-harvesting antenna size and the number of reaction centers revealed that the chlorotica 2004 mutant is deficient in the number of PSI reaction centers by a factor of 1.7. This deficiency resulted from the mutation-induced disorder in biosynthesis of chlorophyll a-protein complex of PSI. It appears that gene interactions between the 2004 mutant and the parental variety Torsdag enhance the functional and metabolic activity of leaves in their hybrids, thereby yielding the heterosis effect.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 7, 2005
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