In this paper, a non-polynomial spectral Petrov–Galerkin method and its associated collocation method for substantial fractional differential equations are proposed, analyzed, and tested. We modify a class of generalized Laguerre polynomials to form our trial basis and test basis. After a proper scaling of these bases, our Petrov–Galerkin method results in diagonal and well-conditioned linear systems for certain types of fractional differential equations. In the meantime, we provide superconvergence points of the Petrov–Galerkin approximation for associated fractional derivative and function value of true solution. Additionally, we present explicit fractional differential collocation matrices based upon Laguerre–Gauss–Radau points. It is noteworthy that the proposed methods allow us to adjust a parameter in the basis according to different given data to maximize the convergence rate. All these findings have been proved rigorously in our convergence analysis and confirmed in our numerical experiments.
Journal of Scientific Computing – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 19, 2017
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